影音記錄 深層生態學與自然保育 約翰席德 John Seed 2011NGO環境會議(三)

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2011NGO環境會議 4/10在關渡自然公園舉行,請到澳洲雨林資訊中心創始人&深層生態學者約翰席德 John Seed,演講深層生態學與自然保育,由靜宜大學生態所 林益仁副教授引言,現場並有即席口譯。以下是影音記錄。

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRwI9RDSrBY

在演講最後,約翰席德提到去年2011年12月 回到澳洲Arunachala,他很高興地發現,山腳下迸出十幾個新的非政府組織。這些被他感召的團體,完成了本土樹種苗圃的建設,並推廣植樹、環境教育、防火和滅火。他提到不僅能在這些他們種了二十多年的陰涼樹影下散步,還能夠親眼見到我們的想法已經紮根,一個重新編織生態長袍、讓人頂禮濕婆神的想法。

這部短片「重新編織濕婆的長袍」介紹這個專案計畫。

http://www.rainforestinfo.org.au/video/shiva_v.html

http://www.youtube.com/user/rainforestinfo#p/u/25/4mOWw8Lb6eM

該雨林資訊中心的影音頻道在以下連結,已有20片相關影音上傳,敬請參考。

http://www.youtube.com/user/rainforestinfo#p/a

演講結束也回應觀眾的問題:

DEEP ECOLOGY AND THE CONSERVATION OF NATURE
深層生態學與自然保育

原作:約翰席德
John Seed

翻譯:瑞華、宜真、樹大棵

審閱:明慧、曉珮

In spite of the modern delusion of alienation, of
separation from the living Earth, we are NOT aliens, we belong here. The human
being is Earth-born, the result of 4000 million years of continuous
evolution,  and the complex, exquisite biology
from which we emerged inevitably remains the matrix, the grounding of any sane
humanity.

儘管現代人類有些錯謬的想法,誤以為我們與自然一邊一國,但事實是我們並不是外星人,我們屬於地球,是由地球所生,是40億年來不斷演化的結果。而讓我們能夠成型的這些複雜、微妙的生物機制,即是所有人類的母體基礎。

We have all heard the news: For example,  Dr.
Raymond Dassman, Professor of Biology, University of California announced that “The
3rd World War has begun: it is being waged against the Earth.”

我們都聽過一個說法,也就是加州大學生物系教授Raymond
Dassman博士所宣佈的: 「第三次世界大戰已經開始,而這次是衝著地球來的!」

More recently, at the end of 2009, Professor Kevin Anderson, director of the Tyndall Centre for
Climate Change and
one of the UK's most senior climate
scientists, stated
that  only around 10 per cent of the planet’s population – around half a
billion people – will survive if global temperatures rise by 4C.

在2009年底,Tyndall氣候變遷中心總監,也是英國最資深的氣候科學家之一Kevin Anderson教授聲明,如果地球氣溫上升四度,只有不到十分之一的地球人口,也就是大約是五億人口能夠存活下來。

Two years earlier, the UN Intergovernmental Panel
on Climate Change (IPCC) told the world that at current rates of increase of
fossil fuel emissions, we were heading toward a rise in global average
temperatures of around 6C
by the end of this century, leading to mass extinctions on a virtually uninhabitable planet. The Proceedings for
the National Academy of Sciences (NAOS) has reported that current fossil fuel emissions are exceeding this worst-case scenario and, in
August 2010 NAOS stated that  the science of climate change is in the
category of those theories that had “been so thoroughly examined and tested,
and supported by so many independent observations and results, that their
likelihood of subsequently being found to be wrong is vanishingly small. Such
conclusions and theories are then regarded as settled facts.”

兩年前,IPCC 聯合國政府間氣候變遷委員會告訴我們,按照目前石化氣體排放量增加的速度,到本世紀末,全球的平均溫度將會上升六度,屆時大量生物將會滅絕,地球將成為無法居住的星球。接著國家科學院NAOS的報告也指出,現在的石化氣體排放量已經超過上述那個夠糟的狀況了,並且在2010年八月NAOS宣布氣候變遷的科學理論已經被非常完整的檢驗測試,且有眾多獨立的觀察結果可以佐證,因此他們預測錯估的結果幾乎等於零。這樣的結論代表氣候變遷導致地球滅絕的理論幾乎等於既定事實。

We have all heard the news. Yet it has not changed
our behaviour except in rather trivial ways.

我們都聽過上述的情況,但我們的行為因此而有所改變的卻很少。

So how will we change our thinking and our
behaviour? What is needed? Not more horrifying statistics surely. Everybody
already knows. We feel helpless and disempowered. Scientists warn that we are the last generation of humanity that may have the
chance to avert biological collapse and the destruction of the systems that
support complex life on Earth. Professor Paul Ehrlich warns us “that
we're sawing off the branch that we're sitting on.” To me this
indicates some kind of psychological problem no matter how much money we
can get by by selling thee timber in that branch.

所以我們該如何改變我們的想法和行為呢?還需要什麼來幫助我們痛下決心,去做改變呢?肯定不是更多嚇人的統計數字,這是大家都知道的。我們覺得無助又無力。科學家警告說: 「我們可能是能夠扭轉生物崩解與遏止支持地球生物存活的系統走向毀滅的最後一個世代。」Paul
Ehrlich教授也警告我們說:「我們正在鋸下我們正坐著的樹幹!」姑且不論所鋸下的樹幹能為我們帶來多少財富, 「鋸下我們正坐著的樹幹「這種行為對我來說已經指出背後是有某些心理層面的問題的!

I graduated in Psychology at Sydney University
in the mid-'60's. After a stint as an IBM  systems engineer in London, in 1979, by chance,  I found myself embroiled
in what turned out to be the first direct action in defense of the rainforests
to take place in Australia
or indeed, anywhere the world.

我在1960年代中畢業於雪梨大學心理系。之後於倫敦IBM公司擔任系統工程師。在 1979年,因著一個機緣,我發現自己捲入澳洲或甚至是說全世界第一個直接保護雨林的行動中。

Terania Creek was this site of this action an

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