Overview of Miramar Resort Village

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On 22nd December 2012, amid the clamour of massive protests outside, Taitung County Government convened an environmental assessment meeting for Miramar Resort Village. The hotel resort has been built on an area of land known as Shanyuan Bay (杉原灣), or Fudafudak, which is Amis for “beautiful sand”. “This is the traditional living domain of the Amis Citong tribe and due to the development of Miramar Resort Village the tribe are being forced to change their way of living,” said Savungaz Bunun (李品涵), former president of the Indigenous Culture Exchange Society at National Cheng Kung University.

In 2003, seeking to develop a 6-hectare international resort, the Miramar Group and Taitung County Government signed a 50-year BOT contract. At the start of the following year, in order to circumvent an environmental impact assessment (EIA) on land measuring more than 1 hectare, the Miramar Group submitted a building development application for 0.9997 hectares. In 2006, after the development application was expanded to 6 hectares, environmental groups proposed a halt to all construction work and withdrawal of EIAs on both 1-hectare and 6-hectare sites. The Environmental Protection Administration confirmed that the Miramar Group had circumvented the EIA, rendering construction permits invalid.

In 2010, the High Administrative Court ruled that the resort’s EIA was invalid. In January 2012, the Supreme Administrative Court ruled that the resort’s EIA was invalid and in September ruled that the development was illegal, ordering Taitung County Government to immediately stop all construction work. In November 2012, a group of 70 professors called on all academics to stand up and sign a petition demanding that EIA procedures and the judicial process be upheld; in less than a week over 600 academics had signed the petition.

On December 22, 2012, a seventh environmental impact assessment (EIA) meeting that would legitimize the Miramar Resort Village was held sparking fury in environmentalists. Locals in favor of Miramar Resort Village look on the EIA as more related to how employment opportunities can be created in the local community than about the environment and have urged outsiders not to intervene in the development of Taitung. These locals hope that the success of Miramar Resort Village BOT will stimulate tourism development in Taitung, giving local children the opportunity to find work in their hometowns. Even though the EIA had completely omitted areas of supervision mechanisms and commitments, the Miramar Resort Village still gained a conditional approval. However, the case has attracted great opposition from environmental groups who have promised they will not compromise over Miramar Resort Village and are planning further actions.

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Overview of Miramar Resort Village
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美麗灣開發案概略整理

2012年12月22日,台東縣政府內場外場抗議聲不斷,正在舉行美麗灣度假村環境評估會議,美麗灣開發的這塊地是杉原灣,原本的名字Fudafudak,是阿美族「美麗的沙」的意思。成大原住民文化交流社前社長李品涵表示,這是阿美族刺桐部落傳統的生活區域,卻因為美麗灣的開發,有可能被強迫改變生活的型態。

2003年美麗灣業者與台東縣政府簽訂50年的BOT契約,欲開發6公頃的國際渡假村,隔年初,以免做環評的0.9997公頃來做開發,業者提建照後,2006年拍算欲申請擴大開發的規模到6公頃,環保團體對1公頃和6公頃的土地,提出停工、撤銷環評的訴訟,環保署認定業者是規避環評、建照無效。

2010年高等行政法院判決建照環評無效。2012年1月,上懸(最高)行政法院判決環評無效,9月判決開發違法,要求台東縣政府命令美麗灣度假村公司停止開發,全案定讞。2012年11月東部有70外位教授,號召全國的學者站出來,簽署美麗灣全國學術界聲明,捍衛環評程序正義法治尊嚴,不到一禮拜就有600多位學者參與簽署。

2012年12月22日,台東縣召開第七次環評,欲予美麗灣補環評,就地合法,環保人士非常不滿。但支持美麗灣的在地民眾將環境評估會議當做就業機會評估會議,認為外地人不應該插手台東的發展,希望美麗灣BOT的成功案例會當帶起台東的觀光發展,讓台東的子弟有機會留在故鄉工作。當天最後,環評委員公布最後的決定就是「有條件通過」美麗灣開發案,不過監督機制和履行承諾事項,卻是一片空白。美麗灣雖然在紛擾的環評會議中有條件通過開發,不過環保團體表示,還會有其他的行動,絕對是不與美麗灣妥協。

 

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Overview of Miramar Resort Village

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