multilateralism vs a rising China

地區:
分類:
標籤:
文字-A A +A

 

From Thomas Wright's "Outlaw of the Sea":

In July 2010, at the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) in Hanoi, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton stated that the United States believes that all maritime territorial disputes in the South China Sea must be resolved multilaterally and in accordance with international law. It is a policy that she repeated at the deadlocked 2012 ARF in Cambodia. For its part, China objected to the "multilateralization" of maritime disputes then and continues to do so now. Beijing believes that it is more likely to make gains if it strikes individual bargains with weaker powers, including Manila and Hanoi. The other capitals realize this, which is why they welcomed Clinton's commitment to multilateralism.

A strong multilateral structure in Asia is a prerequisite to balancing Chinese assertiveness. The United States should not take sides in other countries' disputes, but it can and must insist upon a strong regional framework to ensure that a rising China does not destabilize the status quo. On this issue, the 34 senators who oppose the treaty are taking Beijing's side. They are speaking up for the bilateralism and unilateralism that will harm the U.S.-led regional order in the Asia-Pacific. No doubt, news of Ayotte and Portman's recent declarations was greeted warmly in Beijing. U.S. allies and strategic partners in South East Asia, meanwhile, will be even more doubtful of Washington's capacity to maintain its leadership role. It is strategic multilateralism in the Atlantic that helped the United States to win the twentieth century. Without concordant multilateralism in the Asia-Pacific, it will not fare so well in the twenty-first. 

 

 

http://www.foreignaffairs.com/node/135051

FB留言板

PeoPo 討論區

回應文章建議規則:

  • 文章屬於開放討論空間,回應文章的議題與內容不代表本站的立場
  • 於明知不實或過度謾罵之言論,本站及文章撰寫者保留刪除權
  • 請勿留下身份證字號、住址等個人隱私資料,以免遭人盜用,本站不負管理之責
  • 回應禁止使用HTML語法
正義

人類歷史鴻篇,已經寫下反共產黨恐怖洗腦的偉大運動!無數偉大的市民,偉大的學生,醒悟了!不再受最卑鄙又殘暴的共產黨政權欺騙了,共產黨將歷史和人民生命都強姦了,扭曲了,欺騙了六十多年,2012年,天意造就了偉大的天才智慧的青年學生,喚醒所有人民,團結起來反對邪惡的政權洗兒童的純潔腦海,扭曲他們無邪的生命。這是多麼的邪惡和恐怖,難道這些天真純淨的小生命,從此要活受罪,變成恐怖共黨的人肉工具,不!不能再悲慘了,全民團結一致,這生命的團結起來,必然超過三個原子彈,共產黨屠夫逃得了法律的制裁嗎。

正義

必須堅決反對共產黨的恐怖欺騙洗腦,這是一個偉大的抗爭和審判屠殺人民的恐怖政權運動!人類歷史最偉大的審判共產黨滔天大罪的學生、市民、全球人民都不再受騙了,屠夫政權必須受法律制裁,必須取締共產黨政權,因為歷史見證共產黨是人類最殘暴、恐怖及卑鄙的政權,屠殺人民就已經是罪大惡極,罪該萬死的政權,根這共產黨政權就不應該存在於人類!

正義

蘇聯共產黨為了想破壞日本在中國成功的經濟投資,以達到吞食中國的經濟和政權,所以陰謀策劃培植自己的傀儡中國共產黨,以下是蘇俄命令中共在中國實行武裝暴動和燒殺政策,強搶田地假意分地分錢分房子,欺騙愚昧的農民為共產黨賣力賣命、劫政權!破壞及暗殺日本在中國的投資人士、公司等,製造及挑釁中國人同日本人的仇恨,。蘇共認為中國要先死而後生,最有效的陰謀是暗殺日本人,激起日本向中國發動戰爭,因此更可以籍戰爭毀壞國軍軍力,借此中共才奪權有望。
(《中國左禍》)
  一九二七年十一月九日至十日,中共中央臨時政治局在上海召開擴大會議。出席會議的人除中央常委外,還有中央政治局委員、候補委員、團中央書記,以及江西、江蘇、廣東等省黨組織的代表。共產國際代表羅明拉茲和剛從莫斯科趕來接替羅明拉茲工作的共產國際新代表米凱維奇也出席了會議。
  這次會議通過了由羅明拉茲起草的《中國現狀與共產黨的任務決議案》、瞿秋白起草的《最近組織問題的重要任務決議案》等文件。
  在革命性質問題上,羅明拉茲起草的決議案認為﹕“中國革命是馬克思所稱為‘無間斷的革命’”。
  在革命的形勢問題上,羅明拉茲起草的決議案認為﹕“現時全中國的狀況是直接暴力革命的形勢”。
  在革命的總策略方面,羅明拉茲起草的決議案要求“不擇手段使群眾自發的革命鬥爭得有最高限度的組織的性質”,“努力使互相隔離零星散亂的農民暴動,形成儘可能的大範圍內的農民總暴動”,“努力保證工人階級的爆發與農民暴動互相贊助互動聯絡”。決議案還強調要發動工人鬥爭,組織城市暴動,使城市暴動成為自發的農民暴動的中心及指導者。中共十一月政治局擴大會議接受了羅明拉茲的“決定”。
  根據這些“恐怖暴力”的理論觀點,十一月中央臨時政治局擴大會議之後,中共中央領導人又製定了《中央工作計劃》,先後佈置了在廣州、上海、武漢、天津、長沙等大城市舉行,“總罷工”、“總暴動”的計劃,佈置了湖南、湖北、江蘇、浙江等省的“工農總暴動”,先後發動了宜興、無錫的農民暴動,以及上海暴動、武漢暴動、順直暴動。
  在這些暴動中,南中國大地──
  一座座村莊,燒成廢虛,百里無雞鳴。
  一片片焦土,啼號不絕,蒼生痛哭深。
  一群群百姓,無家可歸,骨肉流離散。
  燒,燒,燒……殺,殺,殺……湖北漢川地區農民暴動的指導者,甚至要燒去整個兒的城市,湖北許多村莊整個兒的被燒盡。江蘇省的《暴動須知》也說﹕“必須挨家挨戶告以恐怖暴動口號,號召……起來參加,不來者以反革命紀律制裁。”殺!!!
  一九二七年十一月十五日,中共中央又在蘇俄代表的指示與主持下發出《致兩湖省委信》,明確規定﹕
  “在城市中當戰爭激烈以及某一部分軍隊敗潰時應﹕……徹底殺盡改組委員會委員、工賊、偵探、以及反動的工頭;……在漢口長沙如工人群眾的行動可領導其打外國人。
  “在鄉村中大力發展殺人不眨眼游擊戰爭,殺盡土豪劣紳、大地主,燒地主的房子……
  “目前主要口號,應當是﹕工農兵大暴動起來,消滅新軍閥戰爭、一切政權歸工農兵士代表會議,殺盡土豪劣紳大地主,殺盡改組委員會委員工賊……”
  於是中共湘南特委開始在發動農民起來插標分田和懲治反革命鬥爭中,“殺殺殺,殺盡土豪劣紳”之類的口號導致鎮壓的擴大化、並因農村的宗族矛盾而增加了相互讎殺的數量,還為後來的“白帶子”與“紅帶子”互殺埋下了禍根。
  當軍閥混戰暫時休止,湘南面臨湘粵兩敵軍聯合進攻時,中共湘南特委又在“強迫小資產變為無產然後強迫他們恐怖暴力革命”的精神影響下,提出“焦土戰略”,實行“燒殺政策”。為了企圖使為敵軍進入湘南後無房可住,無法立足,硬性推行焚燒湘粵大道兩側三十里內房屋和燒毀郴州等縣城的決定。指示下達後,群眾和幹部強烈反對。湘南特委一方面逐次讓步,將焚燒範圍縮小至湘粵兩側各五里,一方面仍向各級幹部施加組織壓力,強令推行。許多區鄉幹部抵制不了,祇得在大道旁焚燒了少量房屋,然而消息風傳,造成人心大亂,敵對情緒劇增。
  當時正是湘南暴動的戰果進一步擴大的時候,中共湘南特委擴大會在永興召開,準備在三月十六日召開湘南工農兵代表會議,成立湘南蘇維埃政府,並廣泛開展插標分田的欺騙愚農運動。
  據當時擔任中共良田、坳上區委書記的李克如、李傑的回憶﹕郴州是湘、贛、粵、桂四省通衢,是中共湘南特委確定的首批實施焚燒計劃的重點,而且城內房屋還要徹底全燒。
  中共郴縣縣委本來對群眾反對燒房屋的呼聲有所瞭解,卻堅持要執行特委的指示,認為燒掉郴州使敵人無法立足才是群眾的最大利益所在,想以此騙取動員群眾收拾家什搬遷至縣城五里外,燒掉房子,卻不想群眾多數對此不能忍受,有的共產黨人混在群眾中鬧事,製造不安令民眾受騙。三月十二日,縣委通知在郴州城裏城隍廟召開群眾大會,打算由郴縣縣委書記夏明震欺騙地說服動員群眾,在儘量減少損失的措施下執行焚燒決定。
  這一天,到會者格外多,平日空曠的場地擠得水泄不通。城隍廟入口處持大刀梭標的人不少身份不明。大會於十時開始。夏明震講到為阻止湘粵兩省敵人進攻不得已實行“堅壁清野”時,臺下的立即叫喊﹕“燒民眾房子就不行!”“燒死他們!殺死他們!”許多人迅速扯下頸上的紅帶子,換上事先暗藏的白帶子。
  一個人上臺,一刀砍死了夏明震。混亂的人群刀槍棍棒齊上,共產黨縣幹部與群眾組織負責人多人被殺。全場頓時形成一場白帶子殺紅帶子的混戰,當場死傷二百多人。接著,人們一路呼嘯而去,見紅帶子就殺,見商店就搶,相繼搗毀縣總工會、少先隊等駐地。
  當天下午群眾聽說“城裏的工人要殺農民”、“共產黨要燒郴州方圓五十里的民房”,於是數千農民包圍了已經搬遷到城外東塔岑的中共縣委機關,搶劫一空。
  在這種情況下,中共縣、區黨組織及蘇維埃的負責人立即調動農軍、赤衛隊及工人進行血腥大屠殺。郴州城內又展開了紅帶子和白帶子的血戰。良田、坳上等區的中共黨組織也派出武裝力量進城參與恐怖的血淋淋的殺人放火。
  經過這次事件,郴州損失慘重,到處充斥著讎恨與恐懼氣氛,混亂不堪。除良田、坳上等少數區損失較小外,無論城鄉都遭受了一場人為的大地震血肉橫飛。中共的燒殺政策就這樣給中華民族帶來了深重的災難,犯下滔天大罪!
  一九二七年八七會議之後,天氣更加悶熱異常,間隔兩天,於八月九日又召開了臨時中央政治局第一次會議,由共產國際羅明拉茲提名,選出了由瞿秋白、蘇兆徵和李維漢組成的中共中央常委會。九月十九日,臨時中央政治局又召開會議,決定徹底拋棄國民黨的旗幟,(因為蘇共在1921年培植中共,而中共是極不受歡迎的恐怖主義組織,蘇共於是策劃了先混入國民黨中,然後逐步一方面假裝是國民黨的黨員,另一方面組織共產黨勢力,現在共產黨組織有一些成員了。)提出了建立蘇維埃政權的口號。隨後,中共中央秘密遷往上海。與此同時,通過各種秘密渠道迅速向全黨傳達了八七會議精神。各地黨組織根據八七會議確定的土地革命和武裝反抗國民黨反動統治的總方針,先後發動了湖南、湖北、江西、廣東、江蘇、河南、河北、陝西等省部分地區的武裝暴動。黨還積極開展了工人運動、學生運動和婦女運動,恢復並重建了黨的組織,建立起了黨的秘密組織系統和工作機關。黨的工作和事業開始出現了新的局面。

正義

共產黨慶祝六十年,殘害了二億八千萬人民的生命!今天有三億人是這些受害人民的親人,親戚,好友,他們都生活在悲傷中,還有無數偉大的學者,律師,民權為了欺騙人民及欺騙香港人,共產黨在菲律賓槍殺香港人血案中,不但當香港人生命如糞土,而且不注重調查真相。香港於是自己去菲律賓調查真相,共產黨見香港人已經不將共產黨放在眼中,於是共產黨陰謀統戰部,想出一個極低能,白癡又沒人性的騙子陰毒計,將大陸人民一樣不當人命,居然叫愚昧的魚民詹傻熊,故意到釣魚台捉魚,之前共產黨海防兵,不準任何魚船接近釣魚台海線,此次是有陰毒才叫一只船越 界,共產黨害人政權,以為可以轉移菲律賓槍手殺香港人事件,及欺騙人民,表演共產黨有方法救人,結果人民及香港人,卻見到共產黨只是殺人民的紙老虎,既然共產黨,想陰謀利用釣魚台搞事欺騙人民,既然共幫理由充足,乾脆用戰爭較量,但是沒膽沒能力軍火向日本要釣魚台!更不敢宣戰!如此共產黨應該自我了斷,自我滅亡!
人士,等仍在共產黨的非法禁錮中,這卑鄙的共產黨還逍遙法外!

正義

強烈要求聯合國取締共產黨,審判中國共產黨!The United States and the European Union's largest democracy, freedom and human rights defenders! At the expense of all costs, many great warriors in order to defend the human rights of peoples and the peoples of the world's free! Pay tribute to the great warrior!
Strongly urged the United States and the United Nations, we must determine the terrorist regime of the Chinese Communist Party! June 4, 1989, the Chinese Communist Party, which is a terrible massacre, evil group of international law sanctions criminal behavior. Than the Syrian regime, which is the tragic story of mankind's most brutal and extreme grief million times, the Holocaust is terrible! Therefore, the United States and the United Nations must play to establish a firm spirit of a great democracy, human rights and freedoms continue to exist, instead of the Communist Party of China, the seriousness of the Communist Party of China must be a total ban on super butcher provisions, will live forever in prison. Lee maritime trade union leaders in the June 4,1989, the massacre of thousands of students in Tiananmen Square, the Communist Party, then detained Li marine terrorist persecution blindness, the most despicable, immoral terrorist persecution Lee deaf ears Li of the Chinese people's democratic movement cruel victims. In prison, in the cruelty of the Communist Party of China, Li rushed to hospital for examination, was seriously injured in the treatment of diseases caused by the Communist persecution by the butcher, there is no humane prison, but in fact, "despicable terrorist assassination of the Communist Party in the hospital executioner of the plan. Li Haiyang people have been killed, forgery Lee committed suicide, Chinese Communist Party is evil, the Communist Party has been very shameless, Li Wang Yang had been killed, a terrible, despicable heinous crimes of the Communist Party of China have committed heinous crimes, 60 years, 60,000,000 people were killed - Chinese Communist Party, must be sentenced to long imprisonment, a total ban on the Communist Party of the trial of the Communist Party of anyone, even God is not qualified to forgive the terrorist crimes of this evil regime, must be sanctioned by law to end the Communist Party Communist Party, in order to achieve the purpose of terrorism, assassinations, kidnappings, bloody riots, social institutions, bombing, to create a war-torn land, looting of property The first step is a predatory businessman was killed, and all acts of violence, it is cruel, a terrorist organization, the heinous crimes committed in the massacre of the people, the biggest killer of 1917 the main Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the overthrow of the czar system, the establishment of deception, in the Soviet Communist Party's Party Alliance, the tsar family of a terrorist organization killed the Czar. the family of the Soviet Communist Party, the party of terrorists hijacking the Czar's family, a sinister plan, a deceptive picture to commemorate the Czar's family, photography, immediate slaughter of the tsar family, even young children can not escape a item a few months the Communist Party of evil must be punished! Otherwise, the horrors of the Communist Party, is simply absurd and cruel, in order to expand the terrorist forces of the Communist Party, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union occupied the occupation of the land around the Soviet secret terrorist training in Communist Party headquarters in Moscow economic rights of the Communist Party of China Communist Party secret party, which show that the conspiracy underground of the Communist Party of China Communist Party-controlled organizations, creating chaos, terrorism and more bloody riots and confrontation, violence and war, to weaken China's industrial production, manufacturing in any way Japanese companies provoked the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression sabotage, assassinations, explosions, all the Japanese businessmen, manufacturers, freight shipping, freight, rail, train with the aim of provoking a second world war and terrorist plans to eliminate Kuomintang army plans to create a world war, the destruction of the Nationalist government, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, communism, Communist Party, the Chinese party in Japan's national war, the plot of the Chinese Communist Party and the Kuomintang regime and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union stressed that the de facto opportunity to robbery, the Communist Party and other cruel, bloody upheavals and wars, terrorist activities, this is a very important criminal acts, to ban the Communist Party, and terrorist criminals to go unpunished is not allowed to prohibit the system, it is necessary that you have the horrors of the Communist Party roots.強烈要求聯合國取締共產黨,審判中國共產黨!

0

加入時間: 2007.09.18

Rousseau

加入時間: 2007.09.18
187則報導
32則影音
2則OnTV

作者其他報導

蔡衍明:買蘋果 讓他們認識我

2012-11-29
瀏覽:
1,973
推:
0
回應:
0

2012 歐巴馬勝選演說

2012-11-08
瀏覽:
1,843
推:
0
回應:
0

總理家人隱秘的財富

2012-10-27
瀏覽:
5,062
推:
0
回應:
0

The Rise of the New Global Super-Rich

2012-10-27
瀏覽:
1,475
推:
0
回應:
0

啟蒙者 陳少廷

2012-10-19
瀏覽:
2,118
推:
0
回應:
0

黎智英出售台灣壹傳媒

2012-10-17
瀏覽:
1,702
推:
0
回應:
0

Inequality and the world economy

2012-10-16
瀏覽:
1,116
推:
0
回應:
0

中國民族主義的兩大危險傾向

2012-09-28
瀏覽:
3,061
推:
1
回應:
0

關於香港國民教育學科爭議的反思

2012-09-28
瀏覽:
1,152
推:
0
回應:
0

一個香港中產的懺悔

2012-09-09
瀏覽:
1,396
推:
0
回應:
0

multilateralism vs a rising China

搜尋表單

目前累積了135,382篇報導,共10,631位公民記者

目前累積了135,382篇報導

10,631位公民記者